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Terrace faces alarming surge in indoor drug deaths

Discarded needles and garbage scatter the ground in this photo, reflecting the harsh reality of the drug crisis currently unfolding amid a province-wide surge in British Columbia. (Jonathan Gonzalez/Unsplash)

Terrace is one of the hardest-hit communities grappling with the impact of unregulated drug deaths, according to the latest report from the B.C. Coroners Office.

In 2023, Terrace reported 22 unregulated drug deaths, a trend that has persisted in 2024, with three deaths reported from January to March.

Of the reported deaths, 90 per cent occurred indoors, predominantly in private residences, social and supportive housing, SROs, shelters and hotels. This percentage is higher than the provincial average of 84 per cent indoor deaths.

In 2023, out of the 22 deaths, eight were females and 14 were males.

This mirrors the provincial trend of increasing female unregulated drug deaths, with rates climbing from 13 per 100,000 population in 2020 to 23 per 100,0000 in 2023 and is particularly pronounced in the Northern Health Authority region (57 deaths per 100,000) and Island Health Authority (32 deaths per 100,000)

In 2023, Kitimat reported nine unregulated drug deaths, with an additional three deaths from January to March 2024. Among the 2023 deaths, seven were males and two were females, all occurring indoors.

Smithers recorded a total of eight deaths in 2023, and four in January to March of 2024. Among the total deaths in 2023, five were females and three were males, with one reported as an outdoor death.

Prince Rupert reported five unregulated drug deaths in 2023, with no deaths reported in the first quarter of 2024. Among the 2023 deaths, four were males, one was female, and one of these deaths occurred outdoors.

Overall, the rate in B.C is 40 deaths per 100,0000 population so far in 2024, showing a slight decrease from 45.7 per 100,000 in 2023.

The most common mode of consumption province-wide in 2024 is smoking (72 per cent), followed by nasal inflation (14 per cent), injection (12 per cent) and oral (six per cent).

From 2023-2024, fentanyl was detected in 85 per cent, cocaine in 48 per cent, methamphetamine in 45 per cent and hydromorphone in three per cent of unregulated drug deaths that have undergone expedited toxicology testing.

The number of unregulated drug deaths in March 2024 equates to about 6.2 deaths per day across the province. This is a slight decline from seven deaths per day in March 2023.

About the Author: Prabhnoor Kaur

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